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Research and Development in Medical Education
   eISSN: 2322-2719  
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Article History
Submitted: 09 Apr 2016
Revised: 06 Jun 2016
Accepted: 08 Jun 2016
First published online: 30 Jun 2016

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Res Dev Med Edu. 2016;5(1):42-46 doi: 10.15171/rdme.2016.009

Comparison of E-learning and the Classroom Lecture in Microbiology Course Based on Gagne's Instructional Model

Original Research

Mojgan Mohammadimehr 1, Sanaz Zargar Balaye Jam 2, Rahim Moradi 3 *

1 Department of Microbiology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Education development center, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, AJA University of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Education Development Center, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background: This study aims to design and produce electronic content of a microbiology course for students in AJA (Islamic Republic of Iran Army) University of Medical Sciences based on Gagne's instructional design model and determine its effectiveness.

Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study. All medical students studying in the 2014-2015 academic year in AJA University of Medical Sciences who had taken the microbiology course were entered in the study. Students were divided randomly into two groups, control and trial (16 subjects in each). After designing and producing the educational multimedia, the trial group was trained in concepts of the microbiology course using multimedia educational software during 6 sessions over 6 continuous weeks. Finally, they were given post-test questions to determine the educational progress level among the students.

Results: The mean ± standard deviation for pre-test and post-test in the trial group were 4.44 ± 1.99 and 12.75 ± 1.06, respectively, and in the control group they were 3.75 ± 2.32 and 9.31 ± 1.25, respectively. The results of the analysis of covariance between adjusted means of both groups for variable of learning show a significant difference between the two groups (F(29,1)= 65.69; P=0.001). The effect size was 0.69.

Conclusion: The multimedia software produced in AJA University of Medical Sciences can be used as a proper educational instrument for teaching the microbiology courses. So, it is better to incorporate the multimedia method as a part of education into curriculum of universities, especially medical sciences universities. Keywords: e-learning, Gagne's instructional design, model, Education, Army, microbiology course


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