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Research and Development in Medical Education
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Submitted: 29 Jun 2017
Revised: 07 Oct 2017
Accepted: 10 Oct 2017
First published online: 10 Oct 2017

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Res Dev Med Edu. 2017;6(2):66-71 doi: 10.15171/rdme.2017.015

Effect of Professional Ethics on Reducing Medical Errors from the Viewpoint of Faculty Members in Medical School of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences

Original Research

Fatemeh Donboli Miandoab 1 * , Javad Sadeghi 1

1 Medical Education Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


Background: Professionalism and adherence to ethics and professional standards are among the most important topics in medical ethics that can play a role in reducing medical errors. This paper examines and evaluates the effect of professional ethics on reducing medical errors from the viewpoint of faculty members in the medical school of the Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.

Methods: in this cross-sectional descriptive study, faculty members of the Tabriz University of Medical Sciences were the statistical population from whom 105 participants were randomly selected through simple random sampling. A questionnaire was used, to examine and compare the self-assessed opinions of faculty members in the internal, surgical, pediatric, gynecological, and psychiatric departments. The questionnaires were completed by a self-assessment method and the collected data was analyzed using SPSS 21.

Results: Based on physicians’ opinions, professional ethical considerations and its three domains and aspects have a significant role in reducing medical errors and crimes. The mean scores (standard deviations) of the managerial, knowledge and communication skills and environmental variables were respectively 46.7 (5.64), 64.6 (8.14) and 16.2 (2.97) from the physicians’ viewpoints. The significant factors with highest scores on the reduction of medical errors and crimes in all three domains were as follows: in the managerial skills variable, trust, physician’s sense of responsibility against the patient and his/her respect for patients’ rights; in the knowledge and communication skills domain, general competence and eligibility as a physician and examination and diagnosis skills; and, last, in the environmental domain, the sufficiency of trainings in ethical issues during education and their satisfaction with basic needs.

Conclusion: Based on the findings of this research, attention to the improvement of communication, management and environment skills should be a main focus of programs in the teaching of professional ethics in universities.

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