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Journal of Caring Sciences
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Submitted: 01 Mar 2017
Accepted: 01 Mar 2017
First published online: 01 Mar 2017

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J Caring Sci. 2017;6(1):39-47 doi: 10.15171/jcs.2017.005

Health Related Quality of Life and Its Socio-Demographic Determinants among Iranian Elderly People: a Population Based Cross-Sectional Study

Original Research

Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki 1, Behzad Heidari 2 * , Arefeh Hajian-Tilaki 3

1 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Ayatollah Rohani Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
3 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

Introduction: In the stage of demographic transition, the rate of elderly is increasing and their health condition is a matter of concern. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the health related quality of life (QoL) and the associated socio-demographic determinants among Iranian elderly people. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study with a representative samples of 750 elderly people whom community dwelling in urban area of Babol, in the north of Iran. In a household survey, the demographic data were collected and the health related QoL was assessed with a validated standard short form questionnaire (SF-36). The multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the demographic characteristics in predicting QoL using SPSS ver 13. Results: The overall mean (SD) scores of QoL was 62.4(17.2) for men and 51.2 (17.9) for women. The mean scores of QoL in all dimensions in men had significantly higher than women. The adjusted regression coefficient of gender, age, educational level, being couple were significant on overall scores of QoL. Aging is inversely associated while male gender and education at high school or higher and being couple are positively associated in prediction of overall scores of QoL. Conclusion: The findings indicate that the health related QoL is rather poor in old people particular in women, elderly with low education level and being single. Therefore, healthcare policy makers should consider an urgent health interventional program among elderly people at present stage of demographic transition with emphasis on high risk demographic profiles.

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