J Caring Sci. 2017;6(1):39-47 doi: 10.15171/jcs.2017.005
Health Related Quality of Life and Its Socio-Demographic
Determinants among Iranian Elderly People: a Population Based Cross-Sectional
Introduction: In the stage of demographic transition, the rate of
elderly is increasing and their health condition is a matter
of concern. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the health
related quality of life (QoL) and the associated socio-demographic determinants
among Iranian elderly people.
conducted a cross-sectional study with a representative samples of 750 elderly
people whom community dwelling in urban area of Babol, in the north of Iran. In
a household survey, the demographic data were collected and the health related
QoL was assessed with a validated standard short form questionnaire (SF-36).
The multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the
demographic characteristics in predicting QoL using SPSS ver 13.
Results: The overall mean (SD) scores of QoL was 62.4(17.2) for men
and 51.2 (17.9) for women. The mean scores of QoL in all dimensions in men had
significantly higher than women. The adjusted regression coefficient of gender,
age, educational level, being couple were significant on overall scores of QoL.
Aging is inversely associated while male gender and education at high school or
higher and being couple are positively associated in prediction of overall
scores of QoL.
Conclusion: The findings indicate that the health related
QoL is rather poor in old people particular in women, elderly with low
education level and being single. Therefore, healthcare policy makers should
consider an urgent health interventional program among elderly people at
present stage of demographic transition with emphasis on high risk demographic