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Journal of Caring Sciences
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Submitted: 29 May 2014

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J Caring Sci. 2014;3(2):141-147 doi: 10.5681/jcs.2014.015
PMID:25276757        PMCID:PMC4134175

Comparison the Effect of Teaching of SBAR Technique with Role Play and Lecturing on Communication Skill of Nurses

Original Research

Narges Toghian Chaharsoughi 1, Shahnaz Ahrari 2 * , Shahnaz Alikhah 1

1 Nurse in Intensive Care Unit, Isfahan Ayatollah Kashani Hospital, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Paramedicine, Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran



Abstract
Introduction: Ineffective communication is a main factor in engender of unwanted hospital errors and impede suitable patient care. SBAR technique (Situation-Background- Assessment- Recommendation) is a standard tool for building communication among healthcare professionals. While educating the SBAR technique requires appropriate educational methods, but this issue has been less investigated. So, the aim of present study was to compare the effect of educating the SBAR technique with role play and lecturing on communication skills of nurses in transferring patients to next shift. Methods: This quasi-experimental study conducted by participating 78 nurses who assigned to role play and lecturing groups randomly. SBAR technique was educated to each group separately. At the end of the learning session in each group, the skills of the participants in performing SBAR technique were investigated by the standard SBAR scale. Data analysis was performed by using SPSS statistical software version 11.5. Results: Comparison the total score of performing SBAR technique using independent samples t-test showed statistical differences between mean score of role play and lecturing groups. Similarly, comparison the scores of skill in performing each four parts of SBAR technique showed statistical differences between two groups.Conclusion: Role play is an effective educational method in teaching SBAR technique for nurses and it can be used as a tool for build effective communication between healthcare professionals.





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