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Journal of Caring Sciences
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Submitted: 27 Nov 2013

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J Caring Sci. 2014;3(1):67-82 doi: 10.5681/jcs.2014.008
PMID:25276750        PMCID:PMC4134163

The Facilitators and Barriers to Communication between Nurses and Family Member in Intensive Care Unit in Kerman, Iran 

Original Research

Laleh loghmani 1, Fariba borhani 2 * , Abbas Abbaszadeh 3

1 Departemant of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman paradise University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
2 Medical Ethics and law research center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Departemant of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



Abstract
Introduction: The communication between nurses and patients' families is commun- ication significantly impacts patient well-being as well as the quality and outcome of nursing care, this study aimed to demonstrated the facilitators and barriers which influence the role of communication among Iranian nurses and families member in ICU. Methods: This study was conducted by the grounded theory method. Participants comprised eight registered nurses and ten families. Patients were admitted to the ICU of two large university hospitals in Kerman, Iran. We used non-structured interviews for data collection. All interviews were transcribed verbatim with a simultaneous, constant comparative analysis of the audio tapes performed according to the Strauss and Corbin method (1998). Results: According to data analysis, Facilitative factors between nurses and families' communication consisted of two categories, i) spiritual care, emotional support, Participation, notification and consultation and Barriers that were three categories: i) misunderstandings regarding treatment ii) job and iii) patient difficulties.Conclusion: The findings led into the recognition of the important barriers and facilitators in communication between ICU team and the family of the patients. By identification of the barriers and facilitators of communication, establishing new rules and using creative methods in education and establishing the communication of ICU team and rules and using patient-based approach we can have effective communication.





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