Tabriz University of Medical Sciences About    Newsletter    Contact Us    Create Account    Log in  
Journal of Caring Sciences
   eISSN: 2251-9920  
Export citation
Reference Manager

Cite by
Google Scholar

Article History
Submitted: 28 May 2012

Article Access Statistics
Abstract Page Views: 1171
PDF Downloads: 1371
Full Text Views: 0

J Caring Sci. 2012;1(2):85-92 doi: 10.5681/jcs.2012.013
PMID:25276681        PMCID:PMC4161068

Factors Affecting the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Stay Duration in Very Low Birth Weight Premature Infants

Original Research

Akram Niknajad 1, Morteza Ghojazadeh 2, Niloufar Sattarzadeh 3, Fazileh Bashar Hashemi 4, Farid Dezham Khoy Shahgholi 5 *

Introduction: Improved survival of very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants requires urgent intensive care, professional nursing and medical care. On the other hand, long hospital stay period imposes emotional and economic burdens on the family and society. Therefore, it is necessary to clarify the most important factors affecting their hospitalization duration to lessen unwanted outcomes of premature birth and to eliminate or relieve the problems. Methods: In a descriptive-analytical study, 170 low birth weight premature infants were assessed in a regular daily follow-up in Alzahra Hospital, Tabriz, Iran. Probable factors affecting NICU (neonatal intensive care unit) stay, such as birth age and weight, time of trophic feeding initiation, time of regain birth weight, and duration of parenteral nutrition, were evaluated. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and linier regression model in SPSS14. Statistical significance was considered at 0.05. Results: Mean birth weight and age of infants were 1310.26 ± 804.26 g and 30.51 ± 0.34 weeks, respectively. Duration of NICU stay was 14.51 ± 10.12 days. Intrauterine growth retardation, positive C-reactive protein (CRP) and blood culture during hospitalization stay, bloody or bile stained gastric remnants, days to regain birth weight, and total enteral nutrition intolerance were the most important factors affecting NICU stay among the studied infants. Conclusion: It seems that eliminating risk factors of intrauterine growth retardation during pregnancy, preventing perinatal and nosocomial infections and taking suitable and tolerable feeding strategies will be effective on NICU stay duration in low birth weight premature infants. Therefore, required policies, especially early trophic feeding, are suggested to eliminate the existing difficulties.

First name  
Last name  
Email address  
Security code

This Article

Google Scholar
Articles by Niknajad A
Articles by Ghojazadeh M
Articles by Sattarzadeh N
Articles by Bashar Hashemi F
Articles by Dezham Khoy Shahgholi F

Articles by Niknajad A
Articles by Ghojazadeh M
Articles by Sattarzadeh N
Articles by Bashar Hashemi F
Articles by Dezham Khoy Shahgholi F

Similar articles in PubMed

Share this article!
© 2016 Tabriz University of Medical Sciences; unless otherwise stated
Press Manuscript Online. Powered by MAADRAYAN