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Journal of Caring Sciences
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Submitted: 11 Aug 2016
Revised: 20 Nov 2016
Accepted: 25 Jun 2017
First published online: 25 Jun 2017

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J Caring Sci. 2017;6(3):269-279 doi: 10.15171/jcs.2017.026
PMID:28971077        PMCID:PMC5618951

Comparison of Sexual Problems in Fertile and Infertile Couples

Original Research

Zahra Zare 1, Nahid Golmakani 2 * , Malihe Amirian 3

1 Departement of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
2 Departement of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Departement of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Introduction: Infertility is known to have a negative effect on couple's life and in most cases it has a profound impact on sexual relations. Sexual problems may be the cause of infertility or may arise as a result of infertility. The aim of this study was to compare the sexual problems in fertile and infertile couples. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 110 infertile and 110 fertile couples referring to Montaserieh infertility center and five health centers in Mashhad which were selected as class clustering method and easy method. Data collection tools included demographic questionnaires and Golombok-Rust Inventory. The collected information was analyzed by SPSS software and descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: No significant difference was found between fertile 26 (17, 37) and infertile 26(18, 37) women in terms of total score of sexual problems and other aspects of sexual problems (except infrequency). The women in the fertile group had higher infrequency than infertile women. Total score of sexual problems in fertile men was 18.5 (13, 27) and in infertile men 25 (19, 31) and the difference was statistically significant. Infertile men reported more problems in no relation, impotency and premature ejaculation compared to fertile men. Men in both fertile and infertile group reported more sexual problems than women. Conclusion: In view of the more frequent sexual problems in infertile men than infertile women, it seems that it is necessary to pay more attention to sexual aspects of infertility in men and design the training programs for sexual and marital skills in infertility centers.

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