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Journal of Analytical Research in Clinical Medicine
   eISSN: 2345-4970  
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Article History
Submitted: 27 Sep 2015
Accepted: 08 Dec 2015

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J Anal Res Clin Med. 2016;4(1):27-33 doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2016.005

Effects of six-week exercise training protocol on pain relief in patients with lumbar disc herniation

Original Research

Amir Hossein Yazdani 1, Pouria Hesari 2, Shima Eghbali Khosro 3, Mehrdad Anbarian 4, Arash Babaei-Ghazani 5 *

1 Certified Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Comprehensive Rehabilitation Center, Hamadan, Hamadan,
2 Department of Sport Biomechanics, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
3 Center of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Applied Science and Technology University, Hamadan, Iran
4 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Biomechanics, School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



Abstract
Introduction: Paraspinal, abdominal, and core muscles are playing the main role in lumbar disc herniation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of a 6 weeks exercise training protocol on pain relief in males and females with lumbar disc herniation. Methods: In this before-after trial study, 64 patients with lumbar disc herniation were assigned to a 6 weeks exercise training program. Training protocol included leg press, trunk lateral flexion, trunk rotation, trunk flexion/extension, and stretching exercises in two sessions a week with 25-30 minutes each. Pain was measured with visual analog scale (VAS) at 1st, 6th, and 12th sessions. Results: A total of 64 patients (13 males with mean age 47.53 ± 11.71 years and 51 females with mean age 46.50 ± 11.76 years) completed the protocol. The pain was significantly reduced in both males and females during sessions 6 and 12 in comparison with the first session (P = 0.001). The amount of pain relief in males was higher than females (P = 0.047). Conclusion: About 6 weeks exercise training program could reduce more pain in males with lumbar disc herniation compared to females. This core stabilizing exercise protocol could be a good recommendation for patients with disk herniated low back pain (LBP).





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