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Journal of Analytical Research in Clinical Medicine
   eISSN: 2345-4970  
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Article History
Submitted: 24 Mar 2018
Accepted: 16 Apr 2018
First published online: 28 Apr 2018

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J Anal Res Clin Med. 2018;6(2):98-101 doi: 10.15171/jarcm.2018.015

Negative appendectomy rate during 5 years in Modarres Hospital of Tehran, Iran, and correlation with imaging

Original Article

Nasser Malekpour 1, Sara Basharat 2 * , Trife Bakhshi 3

1 Department of General Surgery, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 General Practitioner, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



Abstract
Introduction: Appendicitis is the most common emergency surgical admission regardless of the age group. In case of delay in diagnosis, serious complications may occur, needing immediate actions. Complications of acute appendicitis like perforation, peritonitis, and sepsis are to justify massive negative appendectomies. In this study, it has been tried to collect data about negative appendectomy during last 5 years in Modarres hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran, based on demographics and correlation with diagnostic studies before operation. This study is important in terms of economy and health care aspects. Methods: Data were collected about all patients appendectomized during 5 years between 2012 and 2017 at Modarres hospital. There were 1454 records, of which 108 records were excluded from the study due to the lack of enough data, interval appendectomy, and clean appendectomy. Finally, end 1346 appendectomies were assessed. Results: There were 275 (20.4%) and 1071 (79.6%) negative appendectomy and suppurative appendicitis, respectively. Preoperative ultrasonography (US) was performed on 753 (56.0%) patients, of which 472 (62.7%) and 281 (37.3%) cases were coordinated with and different from pathologic records, respectively. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan was performed for 316 (23.5%) patients, which matched and differed pathologic records in 280 (88.6%) and 36 (11.4%) cases, respectively. Conclusion: Diagnosis of appendicitis should still mainly be based on history, and clinical and laboratory data.





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