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Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
ISSN: 2228-5881      eISSN: 2251-7308  
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Article History
Submitted: 07 Oct 2016
Revised: 02 Jan 2017
Accepted: 14 Jan 2017
First published online: 13 Apr 2017

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Adv Pharm Bull. 2017;7(1):73-80 doi: 10.15171/apb.2017.009

Variables Associated with Adherence to Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis in Patients Admitted to the General Hospital Wards: A Prospective Study

Research Article

Shadi Farsaei 1 * , Sajad Ghorbani 2, Payman Adibi 3

1 Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Isfahan Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3 Department of Gastroenterology, Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.



Abstract

Purpose: The dramatic increase in stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) prescribing patterns over the past several years has raised concerns regarding to their appropriate utilization. This prospective study attempted to evaluate the trend of adherence to stress ulcer prophylaxis from admission until discharge in non- Intensive care unit (ICU) setting. Additionally, we attempted to find those variables associated with appropriate SUP administration.

Methods: Data collection was performed prospectively to evaluate 195 randomly selected adult patients who received SUP or had indication for that in non-ICU wards of one of the largest referral center in Iran, during 6 months. Adherence was studied according to widely accepted American Society of Health system Pharmacists (ASHP) guideline. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was also performed to detect associations related to misuse of SUP.

Results: We recognized total inappropriate use of SUP upon admission, during hospital stay and at discharge were somewhat identical at different time points (61%, 80% and 77.4% respectively). On the other hand, since small number of patients experienced SUP underutilization, unfortunately this was not possible to elucidate factors that may have effect on this flawed behavior. However, increasing age was identified to be significant variable in SUP overutilization.

Conclusion: This prospective study highlighted inappropriate overutilization of SUP within non-critically ill patients and found factors which predicted this behavior. Adherence during hospital stay was also calculated for the first time in this study, which was related to SUP adherence upon hospital admission.







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